R is a programming language and software environment for carrying out computations, manipulating and analyzing data, and creating various types of plots and graphics (see the R project website for more info). R has become the 'lingua franca of statistics' and the software of choice for analyzing data in various disciplines. However, for many researchers, getting up and running with R remains a hurdle due to the command-driven nature of the software. The purpose of this course is to lay the necessary foundation for becoming a fully proficient R user.
We will start with a bit of background history on the development of R and then cover basic data structures and functions for computations and data manipulation. Next, we describe how to import and export data files and then delve into commands for inspecting data and obtaining summary statistics. One of the strengths of R are its powerful graphing and plotting capabilities, which we cover next. A variety of statistical methods for analyzing continuous, categorical, and time-to-event data (e.g., linear and logistic regression, ANOVA, Cox models) will then be discussed and their implementation in R demonstrated (emphasis here is more on the general model syntax as used in R and less on the statistical details of the various procedures).
At first, the large number of functions and add-on packages available for R can be overwhelming for the new user. We therefore discuss not only commands for downloading and installing additional packages, but also strategies for finding the right tools. On the last day, we then cover programming structures and the generation of random data. In this context, we provide a gentle introduction to Monte Carlo simulations as a way of investigating the properties of statistical procedures. How to extend the capabilities of R with self-written functions will be described next. We then conclude the course with a selection of advanced and miscellaneous topics and pointers for becoming a self-sufficient R user.
The course is aimed at researchers, (Master and PhD level) students, data analysts/scientist, and essentially anybody interested in learning how to work with R.
While R can be used much more widely than 'just' as a statistical software and data analysis tool, statistical computing and graphing remain its primary function and we also mainly describe the use of R in this context. Therefore, some familiarity with basic statistical concepts and methods as used in the health, social, and natural sciences is helpful when following the course.
The course is introductory in the sense that no prior background or experience with R is assumed. So we really start from scratch, but cover quite a bit of ground and even get into some more advanced topics within those three days (by going through the contents at an appropriately swift but non-hurried pace).
It will generally be a bit easier to learn R if you have any kind of programming experience or have used other statistical software packages in a command-driven manner (instead of using a "point-and-click" approach). However, this is not a prerequisite and as long as you are as excited to learn R as we are teaching it, we'll do our best to accommodate any kind of background or experience level.
Also, the course consists of a mixture of lectures and hands-on exercises, so there are ample opportunities for practicing the concepts taught.
The course is taught by Wolfgang Viechtbauer (Department of Psychiatry and Neuropsychology) and Jan Serroyen (Department of Methodology and Statistics), both at Maastricht University. We each have over a decade of experience working with R and use R daily as part of our work as statisticians. While we have repeatedly professed the advantages of R to colleagues and other researchers, we have noticed a general hesitancy to pick up a new (statistical) programming language, especially among those mostly used to point-and-click interfaces. Because we have found R to be such a powerful and flexible tool, we decided to pass on our experience to others who are interested in becoming R users and would like some help in getting started.
Note: Despite the level of detail, this schedule is tentative. The starting and ending times of the course are definite, but everything in between is subject to change. Also, breaks are not explicitly indicated in the schedule below, but are planned in throughout the days.
|09:30-10:00||Introduction and Logistics|
|10:00-10:15||Lecture 1: R and its History|
|10:15-11:45||Lecture 2: Data Structures, Functions, Basic Arithmetic, Data Manipulation|
|11:45-12:15||Lecture 3: Interacting with and using R|
|14:45-15:30||Lecture 4: Data Import and Export|
|16:30-17:00||Lecture 5: Data Inspection and Summary Statistics|
|09:00-10:00||Lecture 6: Graphs, Plots, and Tabulations|
|11:00-12:00||Lecture 7: Statistical Methods: Continuous Data (Part 1)|
|13:00-14:00||Lecture 7: Statistical Methods: Continuous Data (Part 2)|
|15:00-16:30||Lecture 8: Statistical Methods: Categorical and Time-to-Event Data|
|09:00-10:00||Lecture 9: Finding, Installing, and Loading Additional Packages|
|11:00-11:30||Lecture 10: Programming Structures and Flow Control|
|13:30-14:30||Lecture 11: Generic, Method, and User-Written Functions|
|14:30-16:00||Lecture 12: Advanced and Miscellaneous Topics|
Please bring a laptop to the course. Moreover, you should have the current version of R installed on the laptop. You can download R from the Comprehensive R Archive Network (CRAN) (if you use Windows, choose "Download R for Windows", then "base", and then download and run the setup program; versions for MacOS and Linux are also available).
If you are starting to work with R for the first time, it may be useful to also install an integrated development environment (IDE) for R. We recommend RStudio, which is available for Windows, MacOS, and Linux.
Software to open/view PDF files should also be installed on the laptop (e.g., Adobe Reader or see Wikipedia for a comprehensive list of PDF software). In all likelihood, such software is already installed on your laptop anyway.
You can also pair up with another course participant for the computer exercises, so technically not everybody needs to bring a laptop. However, if at all possible, please bring your own laptop so we don't end up with the unfortunate situation that nobody brings one!
The course fee is 600 Euros and includes lunch on all three days, refreshments (e.g., coffee, tea, water) during the breaks, but not dinner or accommodations.
To register for the course, please complete the registration form (to be posted later) and send it by regular mail or e-mail to:
Department of Psychiatry and Neuropsychology
P.O. Box 616 (VIJV1)
6200 MD Maastricht
Tel: +31 (43) 388-3511
E-mail: jolanda.koch (at) maastrichtuniversity.nl
The course will be held at Hotel van der Valk, Maastricht, the Netherlands.
6227 AL Maastricht
Google Maps Link
If you arrive by car, just use the Google Maps Link to obtain directions depending on your starting point. There is free parking at the hotel.
If you arrive by train, you have a couple options. If you leave the train at the main station in Maastricht, then you can take bus number 350 in the direction Aachen (the bus leaves every 15 minutes the last time I checked; you can also check here for departure times). Take the bus to the Akersteenweg stop (this takes about 10 minutes). From there, it's about a 5 minute walk to the hotel (walk back a bit on the Akersteenweg in the direction from where the bus came, then turn left into the 1 Juliweg, then right into the Nijverheidsweg).
Alternatively, if you leave the train at Randwyck train station, it takes about 10 minutes by foot to get to the hotel (just cross the bridge, follow the Joseph Bechlaan, then turn left into the Demertstraat).
|Min/Max Number of Participants||10/30|
|Certificate for Participation||Yes|
|Number of European Credit Points||1|